Situated in the heart of Central Scotland, Falkirk Council area occupies a pivotal position between Edinburgh, Glasgow and Stirling
in the valley of the River Forth
. It comprises a flat lowland area that is watered by the River Carron
and traversed by the Forth and Clyde Canal
and Union Canal
, and an upland region to the south through which flows the River Avon
. Its deposits of coal, clay and ironstone have contributed to the economic wealth of the area and the development of the Falkirk
Formerly part of Stirlingshire
, Falkirk was one of the three districts of Central Region between 1975 and 1996 after which it became a separate Council area. The industrial development of Falkirk
largely dates from the founding of the Carron Ironworks in the 1760s and the opening in 1790 of the Forth and Clyde Canal
which promoted trade with Glasgow in the west. For nearly a century Falkirk
was also the venue of one of Scotland's largest cattle markets and a focal point of cattle-droving from the north. Traversed by the Antonine Wall
several of the area's Roman sites have been excavated. At Falkirk Edward I
of England defeated William Wallace
on the 22nd July 1298 and Prince Charles Edward Stuart
defeated Hawley on the 17th January 1746.
The industrial town of Grangemouth
at the head of the Forth
estuary is one of Scotland's leading ports and oil refining centres. Fireclay, stone, and sand and gravel extraction are important in addition to metal, building, chemical, engineering, sawmilling, food processing and textile industries and the manufacture of refrigeration and ventilation equipment, electric appliances and data processing equipment.
(1996) Discovering the River Forth.
(2001) Falkirk and District: An Illustrated Architectural Guide.
(1985) Exploring Scotland's Heritage: The Clyde Estuary and Central Region.