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Polmaise

A former rural estate and mansion (now lost) owned by the Murray family and situated on flat carselands by the River Forth to the east of Stirling, Polmaise Quarry once supplied fine sandstone for building. The area developed as a centre of coal mining during the 20th century when shafts were sunk. Messrs Archibald Russell Ltd. opened Polmaise No. 1 and 2 pits in 1904 on the west bank of the Bannock Burn, 1¼ miles (2 km) west of Fallin, while Polmaise No. 3 and 4 (also known as Bandeath Colliery) opened two years later a half-mile (0.8 km) southeast of the village. At their peak, these collieries employed 1200 men. Polmaise eventually closed in 1984. The railway once diverged at Polmaise Junction, by Broomridge, to provide access to the mine, and this junction is still labelled on the Ordnance Survey map (2011). This locality should not be confused with Polmaise Castle, 2½ miles (4 km) to the west.


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