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Braid Hills

Braid Hills, Edinburgh.
©2016 Gazetteer for Scotland

Braid Hills, Edinburgh.

The Braid Hills rise as a group of summits which reach 213m (698 feet) 2½ miles (4 km) south of the centre of Edinburgh. Established as a park by the city fathers in 1890, two municipal golf courses are now draped over the hills which serves as an important part of Edinburgh's green belt and a wildlife refuge. Geologically, the Braid Hills are composed of Lower Devonian lavas (erupted from ancient volcanoes around 410 million years ago), similar to those in the Pentland Hills to the south. These differ from the Carboniferous plugs and intrusions which form all of the city's other hills, with the exception of Blackford Hill.

A well-preserved World War II anti-aircraft battery remains at the eastern end of the hills, overlooking Liberton. This comprised four gun emplacements for 3.7 inch guns, arranged around a command post, with a magazine and gun-laying radar, together with a substantial accommodation camp to the west that is now used as kennels.


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