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Bell Rock Lighthouse

The Bell Rock lighthouse is situated in the North Sea on a partially-submerged reef some 11 miles (17.5 km) southeast of Arbroath on the East Coast of Scotland. One of the major engineering feats of the early 19th Century, it was designed and built by Robert Stevenson (1772 - 1850), with John Rennie (1761 - 1821) serving as chief engineer, and came into service in 1811. The lighthouse tower was built from four types of stone; granite from Cairngall Quarry near Peterhead was used for the foundation, while the skin of the tower, which had to resist the brunt of the sea, comprises granite from Rubislaw Quarry (Aberdeen) with a core of Old Red Sandstone from Mylnefield Quarry, Kingoodie. Finer sandstone from Craigleith Quarry (Edinburgh) was used in finishing the structure and building the parapet around the light.

A helicopter from RAF Leuchars crashed into the lighthouse on the 15th December 1955, while delivering supplies in a storm. The crew were all killed and the light was out of action for several days before repairs could be undertaken, posing a real danger to shipping.


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