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James Lockhart-Wishart


(Count Lockhart-Wishart of Lee and Carnwath)

1727 - 1790

Soldier. Born near Roslin, Lockhart-Wishart was the second son of the Laird of the Dryden, Lee and Carnwath Estates and grandson of writer and politician George Lockhart (1673 - 1731). He travelled abroad as a young man, becoming a mercenary. He fought with the Persian Army before joining the Imperial Austrian Army, in which he gained a commission in 1752. He fought in the Seven Years War, including the Battle of Prague (1757) and eventually rose to the rank of General. In 1783, Lockhart-Wishart was created a Count of the Holy Roman Empire the Grand Duke of Tuscany for his services to the Austrian Royal Family. Despite spending most of his life abroad, when Lockhart inherited the family estates from his brother, he took a keen interest in their development.

He died in Pisa (Italy), but was buried on his family estate of Dryden, near Roslin. He was remembered by a grand monument, built in 1790, although later demolished due to its poor condition.


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