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William Ruthven


(1st Earl of Gowrie)

c.1541 - 1584

Presbyterian noble. Ruthven organised a coup, called the Ruthven Raid, which involved taking the fifteen-year-old King James VI (1566 - 1625) prisoner, until he agreed to pro-Protestant terms. James was held in Huntingtower, Ruthven's seat near Perth. The terms primarily related to the banishing of Esmé Stuart, Lord Lennox (1542 - 1583) and allowing Ruthven to run the government. However, within two years Ruthven was executed for treason.


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