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Archibald Douglas


(6th Earl of Angus)

1489 - 1557

A 'Red Douglas', grandson of Archibald Douglas, the 5th Earl of Angus (1449 - 1513). He married Margaret Tudor, widow of King James IV, who died with Douglas' father at Flodden, and was grandfather of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (1545 - 1567) who was a husband of Mary, Queen of Scots (1542 - 1587). He was virtual ruler of Scotland between 1525 and 1528, while he held the young King James V prisoner. When the king escaped, Douglas had to flee to England, where he remained until Mary came to the throne (1543). He was turned against his English allies, and led Scottish armies in the Battles of Ancrum Moor (1545) and Pinkie (1547).


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