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(John) Massey Rhind


1860 - 1936

Sculptor. Born in Edinburgh, the son of another sculptor John Rhind (1828-92) and younger brother of W. Birnie Rhind (1853 - 1933), Rhind trained with his father and at the Royal Scottish Academy. He moved to London and Paris, and then opened a studio with his brother in Glasgow in 1885. Four years later he emigrated to the USA and soon became highly successful, responsible for a number of public monuments and much architectural sculpture.

He was responsible for the Grand Army of the Republic Memorial on Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington DC (1909), a statue of George Washington in Newark, New Jersey (1914), four statues of Generals on the Gettysburg Battlefield (1915-22), the National McKinley Birthplace Memorial in Niles, Ohio (1917), the marble statue of anesthetics pioneer Dr. Crawford W. Long of Georgia in National Statuary Hall Collection within the United States Capitol (1926). He also sculpted statues of Robert Burns in Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania) and Barre (Vermont), together with war memorials and a statue of General Cornwallis in Nova Scotia, Canada.

Rhind served as President of the Scottish Arts Club (1932-36). He died in New York.


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