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John Crichton-Stuart


(2nd Marquess of Bute)

1793 - 1848

Entrepreneur. His father, also John (1767 - 1794), died at the age of 27 in as the result of a riding accident and therefore never inherited the Marquessate, thus Bute succeeded his grandfather in 1814. His mother was a Crichton, who was the heiress of the Earldom of Dumfries and thus came the addition to the family name. He was brought up in his mother's family home, Dumfries House. Crichton-Stuart consolidated family estates in Scotland and England and extended them in South Wales, developing coal-mining and building Cardiff docks, turning what had been a relatively small agricultural town into a major sea-port. Although he spent much of his time at Mount Stuart on the Isle of Bute, he died in Cardiff but is buried in Cambridgeshire (England), alongside his first wife, Maria. He is remembered in the name Butetown, a district of Cardiff.


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