Politician and statesman. Born in London, Campbell was educated at Edinburgh Academy, Eton and the Universities of St. Andrews and Cambridge. As Marquis of Lorne, he became Member of Parliament for Argyllshire (1868-71 and 1895-1900). Campbell married Princess Louise Caroline Alberta (1848 - 1939), a daughter of Queen Victoria, in 1871. He became Canada's youngest Governor-General in 1878, serving in this position until 1883. The couple made lasting contributions to Canadian society, especially encouraging the arts and sciences, promoting the creation of various institutions such as the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, the Royal Society of Canada and the National Gallery of Canada. Campbell served as Governor of Windsor Castle (1892 - 1914) and succeeded his father to the Dukedom of Argyll in 1900. The couple lived mainly at Kensington Palace (London), although their marriage was unhappy and gave rise to no children. He died on the Isle of Wight and was succeeded by his nephew.