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Balfarg Riding School Henge

A reconstruction of an ancient monument on its original site in Fife, the Balfarg Riding School Henge is located 1½ miles (2.5 km) northeast of Glenrothes town centre and once formed part of a large ceremonial complex with Balfarg Henge (to the west) and Balbirnie Stone Circle (to the southeast, on the opposite side of the A92 Trunk Road). Only discovered through the use of aerial photography in 1978, the monument dates from around 3500 BC. It comprises a mortuary enclosure, built in timber which, around 500 years later, had a mound built over it and a ring-ditch cut around it. The reconstruction takes the form of a sub-rectangular ring of posts, approximately 23m by 10m (75 feet by 33 feet), with an inner double-row of thicker posts. It is suggested that these posts would have supported platforms on which the dead were laid out to be defleshed before burial. The reconstruction incorporates the position of post-holes found during the excavation and the earthwork at the western part of the henge is still visible. The excavation was the work of Historic Scotland 1983-85, with finds including pottery. Glenrothes Development Corporation provided interpretative boards on the site.


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