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James Miller


1860 - 1947

Architect. Born in Bankfoot (Perth and Kinross), the son of a farmer, Miller was raised near Forteviot and educated at Perth Academy. He trained as an architect in Perth under Andrew Heiton (1823-94) and in Edinburgh with Hippolyte Blanc (1844 - 1917). In 1888 he was appointed architect to the Caledonian Railway Company. Miller set up his own practice in 1893, continuing to design railway stations and hotels, including the remarkable Wemyss Bay Station (1903), Turnberry Hotel (1906), the rebuilding of Peebles Hydro in 1907 after a fire, Stirling Railway Station (1916), and the initial work on Gleneagles Hotel before the First World War. He also designed the stations on the West Highland Railway and the distinctive little Baronial-style building which formed the entrance to St. Enoch Underground Station (1896).

His work included many other significant buildings such as Clydebank Town Hall (1902), the immense Glasgow Royal Infirmary (1914), Perth Royal Infirmary (1914), Stirling Royal Infirmary (1928) and Troon Municipal Buildings (1915-32). He also designed a new Medical School and the new Natural Philosophy buildings for the University of Glasgow.

Miller is perhaps best known for his American-style commercial buildings in Glasgow. Miller was also responsible for the Institute of Civil Engineers headquarters building at No.1 Great George Street, London and the matching extension to the adjacent Institution of Mechanical Engineers (1912). He was also responsible for a number of houses, including Lowther Terrace in Glasgow, the now A-listed estate village of Forteviot in Perthshire (1925) and was also involved in the design of Cadbury's model community at Bournville in Birmingham. Miller also restored the Church of the Holy Rude in Stirling (1936).

He designed aspects of the Glasgow International Exhibition of 1901, including the Canadian Pavilion, but perhaps his most unusual commission was the sumptuous interiors he designed for the liner RMS Lusitania in 1907, which was sunk by a German torpedo in 1915.

Miller was elected a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1902.

He lived at Randolphfield in Stirling, where he died. His ashes were interred in the Church of the Holy Rude.


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