A small commuter village on the north bank of the River Clyde, Old Kilpatrick lies on the Forth and Clyde Canal, 10 miles (16 km) west of Glasgow. A Roman fort occupied this site which lies at the western end of the Antonine Wall built in 142 AD. Said to have been the birthplace of St Patrick, Old Kilpatrick was the location of a mediaeval hospital and ferry crossing. The Erskine Ferry ceased to operate when the Erskine Bridge was opened in 1972. The settlement subsequently developed in association with textile industries and shipbuilding and in the 20th century became an oil depot.