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Scalloway


Shetland

A fishing port, yachting and marine service centre on the west coast of the Mainland of Shetland, situated 5 miles (8 km) to the west of Lerwick around a sheltered harbour that opens out into the East Voe of Scalloway. Scalloway (pronounced 'scallowah') was the ancient capital of Shetland, its castle was built in 1600 by Patrick Stewart, Earl of Orkney (c.1566 - 1615), to replace an earlier dwelling at Sumburgh to the south. This was the landing place for Norse landowners attending Shetland's annual parliament or 'Ting' held on the Lawting Holm in the Loch of Tingwall, 2 miles (3 km) to the north. Scalloway was the site of witch trials in the 17th C. but fishing brought prosperity in the 19th C., evidenced by the grand houses built by some of the merchants. Scalloway Harbour was developed from the 1830s and now includes a fish market, boat repair yard and fuelling depot. There was no road leading to Scalloway until 1849. The Old Haa dates from c.1750. Scalloway Museum features displays on local history, fishing and the wartime exploits of Norway's 'Shetland Bus' heroes who made the village their base. Scalloway Primary School is located on the edge of the village while, at Port Arthur, beyond the yachting marina, is the North Atlantic Fisheries College (now NAFC Marine Centre UHI). Scalloway Golf Club was founded in 1907, with a six-hole course which was extended to nine in the 1920s but it was abandoned in the 1980s. The nearest course is now at Asta. Scord Quarry, at the head of the East Voe of Scalloway, has been the primary producer of road-metal on Shetland since the 1930s.


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