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Scottish History Timeline (14th and 15th Centuries)

Note that, within a single year, events are not necessarily presented in chronological order.

Previous Period
14th C. Alexander 'Sawney' Bean born - Cannibal and mass-murderer
14th C. Ballinbreich Castle (Fife) Built
14th C. Ballumbie Castle (Angus) Built
14th C. Braal Castle (Highland) Built
14th C. Bridge Castle (West Lothian) Built
14th C. Callendar House (Falkirk) Built
14th C. Cardross Castle (Argyll and Bute) Built
14th C. Castle Sinclair Girnigoe (Highland) Built
14th C. Cowden Castle (Clackmannanshire) Built
14th C. Crichton Castle (Midlothian) Built
14th C. Crookston Castle (Glasgow City) Built
14th C. Dean Castle (East Ayrshire) Built
14th C. Dundonald Castle (South Ayrshire) Built
14th C. Duns Castle (Scottish Borders) Built
14th C. Fa'side Castle (East Lothian) Built
14th C. Finavon Castle (Angus) Built
14th C. Invergowrie House (Dundee City) Built
14th C. Kildonan Castle (North Ayrshire) Built
14th C. Kincardine Castle (Perth and Kinross) Built
14th C. Leith, Port of (City of Edinburgh) Built
14th C. Lennoxlove House (East Lothian) Built
14th C. Loch an Eilein Castle (Highland) Built
14th C. Portencross Castle (North Ayrshire) Built
14th C. Rosslyn Castle (Midlothian) Built
14th C. St Moluag's Chapel (Western Isles) Built
14th C. Stobhall (Perth and Kinross) Built
14th C. Thunderton House (Moray) Built
c.1300 Black Agnes Randolph (Countess of Dunbar) born - Famed for her bravery in resisting the English siege of Dunbar Castle
1300 Breachacha Castle (Argyll and Bute) Built
1300 Sir William Douglas (Knight of Liddesdale) born - Disreputable noble
c.1303 John Comyn (Black Comyn) died - Noble and Guardian
1303 Battle of Roslin
1304 Old Tulliallan Castle (Fife) Built
1305 William Wallace died - Whether a freedom fighter or an outlaw, Wallace was a defender of Scottish independence, who has become a national hero
c.1306 John Comyn (Red Comyn) died - Noble and Martyr
1306 Battle of Strathfillan
1306 Sir Alexander Scrymgeour died - Loyalist
1306 Battle of Methven
1307 Battle of Loudon Hill (II)
1307 King Edward I died - English monarch
1308 John Duns Scotus (The Subtle Doctor) died - Philosopher and theologian
1312 King Edward III born - English king
c.1313 Sir John Campbell of Moulin (1st Earl of Atholl) born - Noble
1313 King John Balliol (Toom Tabard) died - Son of Devorguilla Balliol (c.1209-90) and father of Edward Balliol (c.1283 - 1364)
1314 Battle of Bannockburn
c.1316 John Barbour born - Poet and historian
1316 King Robert II born - Scottish monarch
1316 Robert Wishart died - Bishop of Glasgow
1318 St Fillan's Priory (Stirling) Built
1320 Declaration of Arbroath, Signing of the
1324 King David II born - Scottish monarch
1326 Moulin, Black Castle of (Perth and Kinross) Built
c.1327 Sir William Douglas (1st Earl of Douglas; Earl of Mar) born - Ambitious noble
1327 King Edward II died - English king who ruled Scotland for a time
1328 Archibald Douglas (3rd Earl of Douglas; 'The Grim') born - Lord of Galloway and leader of the 'Black Douglas' clan
1329 King Robert I (Robert the Bruce) died - Scottish monarch
1330 Dumfries Academy (Dumfries and Galloway) Established
1330 Sir James Douglas ('The Good') died - Freedom fighter
1331 Bernard de Linton died - Chancellor of Scotland and Abbot of Arbroath Abbey who drafted the famous Declaration of Arbroath
1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor
1332 Donald of Mar (8th Earl of Mar) died - Regent of Scotland
1332 Thomas Randolph (Earl of Moray) died - Regent and soldier
1333 Battle of Hallidon Hill
1333 Sir John Campbell of Moulin (1st Earl of Atholl) died - Noble
1333 Stirling Castle (Stirling) Built
1337 King Robert III born - Scottish monarch
c.1340 Robert Stewart (1st Duke of Albany) born - Regent of Scotland
c.1340 Sir John Lyon born - Chamberlain of Scotland and ancestor of the Earls of Strathmore
c.1342 Sir Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie died - Soldier
1343 Alexander Stewart (Wolf of Badenoch) born - Noble
c.1345 Henry Sinclair (Henry St. Clair) born - First Scottish Earl of Orkney and Trans-Atlantic Explorer
c.1346 Walter Fitz Gilbert died - Norman noble
1350 Dunnottar Castle (Aberdeenshire) Built
1350 Hermitage Castle (Scottish Borders) Built
1353 Sir William Douglas (Knight of Liddesdale) died - Disreputable noble
c.1358 James Douglas (2nd Earl of Douglas; Earl of Mar) born - Inherited the Earldoms of Douglas and Mar from his father (1384)
1359 Stevenson House (East Lothian) Built
1360 The Sheep Heid Inn (City of Edinburgh) Built
c.1362 Murdoch Stewart (2nd Duke of Albany) born - Regent of Scotland
1364 King Edward Balliol died - Unsuccessful King
1367 Edinburgh Castle (City of Edinburgh) Built
?1368 Henry Wardlaw born - Bishop of St Andrews
1369 Archibald Douglas (4th Earl of Douglas; 1st Duke of Touraine) born - Noble
c.1370 Cumbernauld Castle (North Lanarkshire) Built
1370 Neidpath Castle (Scottish Borders) Built
1370 Threave Castle (Dumfries and Galloway) Built
1371 King David II died - Scottish monarch
1372 Mugdock Castle (Stirling) Built
1377 King Edward III died - English king
c.1380 Campbeltown Cross (Argyll and Bute) Erected
1382 Sir John Lyon died - Chamberlain of Scotland and ancestor of the Earls of Strathmore
1384 Sir William Douglas (1st Earl of Douglas; Earl of Mar) died - Ambitious noble
1388 James Douglas (2nd Earl of Douglas; Earl of Mar) died - Inherited the Earldoms of Douglas and Mar from his father (1384)
1389 Lincluden Collegiate Church (Dumfries and Galloway) Built
c.1390 Cardinal Walter Wardlaw died - Cardinal
c.1390 Sir Andrew Gray (1st Lord Gray) born - Diplomat and noble
1390 King Robert II died - Scottish monarch
1394 King James I born - Scottish monarch
1395 John Barbour died - Poet and historian
1396 Battle of the North Inch
1396 Mercat Cross (Fife) Erected
15th C. Alexander 'Sawney' Bean died - Cannibal and mass-murderer
15th C. Ardgowan Tower (Inverclyde) Built
15th C. Asgog Castle (Argyll and Bute) Built
15th C. Auchindoun Castle (Moray) Built
15th C. Balnagown Castle (Highland) Built
15th C. Berriedale Castle (Highland) Built
15th C. Carleton Castle (South Ayrshire) Built
15th C. Carsluith Castle (Dumfries and Galloway) Built
15th C. Castlehill Tower (Scottish Borders) Built
15th C. Cathcart Castle (Glasgow City) Built
15th C. Cessnock Castle (East Ayrshire) Built
15th C. Corsewall Castle (Dumfries and Galloway) Built
15th C. Cortachy Castle (Angus) Built
15th C. Dean Castle (East Ayrshire) Built
15th C. Denmylne Castle (Fife) Built
15th C. Duntreath Castle (Stirling) Built
15th C. Finlaystone House (Inverclyde) Built
15th C. Glendevon Castle (Perth and Kinross) Built
15th C. Glengarnock Castle (North Ayrshire) Built
15th C. Grandtully Castle (Perth and Kinross) Built
15th C. Hatton Castle (Aberdeenshire) Built
15th C. Huntingtower Castle (Perth and Kinross) Built
15th C. Inverquharity Castle (Angus) Built
15th C. Kilberry Castle (Argyll and Bute) Built
15th C. Kinlochaline Castle (Highland) Built
15th C. Kyle Castle (East Ayrshire) Built
15th C. Lennox Tower (City of Edinburgh) Built
15th C. Loudoun Castle (East Ayrshire) Built
15th C. Merkland Cross (Dumfries and Galloway) Built
15th C. Newark Castle (Scottish Borders) Built
15th C. Newark Castle (Inverclyde) Built
15th C. Peebles Mercat Cross (Scottish Borders) Erected
15th C. Ramada Hotel (Perth and Kinross) Opened
15th C. Rosyth Castle (Fife) Built
15th C. Smailholm Tower (Scottish Borders) Built
15th C. Spedlins Tower (Dumfries and Galloway) Built
15th C. St Anthony's Chapel (City of Edinburgh) Built
15th C. Strome Castle (Highland) Built
15th C. The Old Buittle Tower and Castle (Dumfries and Galloway) Built
15th C. Udny Castle (Aberdeenshire) Built
c.1400 Archibald Douglas (3rd Earl of Douglas; 'The Grim') died - Lord of Galloway and leader of the 'Black Douglas' clan
c.1400 Henry Sinclair (Henry St. Clair) died - First Scottish Earl of Orkney and Trans-Atlantic Explorer
1400 Aberdour Castle (Fife) Built
1400 Corstorphine Parish Church (City of Edinburgh) Built
1400 Dunbeath Castle (Highland) Built
1400 St Mary's Collegiate Church (East Lothian) Built
1401 Bishop Walter Traill died - Archbishop of St Andrews
1405 Alexander Stewart (Wolf of Badenoch) died - Noble
1405 Sir Adam Forrester died - Merchant, Ambassador and Lord Provost of Edinburgh
c.1406 Colin Campbell (1st Earl of Argyll) born - Loyal noble
1406 King Robert III died - Scottish monarch
1409 Dunblane Bridge (Stirling) Opened
1410 Holy Trinity Church (Fife) Built
1411 Battle of Harlaw
1411 University of St Andrews (Fife) Established
1419 Robert Stewart (1st Duke of Albany) died - Regent of Scotland
1420 Tolquhon Castle (Aberdeenshire) Built
1424 Archibald Douglas (4th Earl of Douglas; 1st Duke of Touraine) died - Noble
1424 Pitsligo Castle (Aberdeenshire) Built
1424 Sir Alexander Home of Dunglass died - Noble
1424 St Michael's Parish Church (West Lothian) Built
c.1425 William Douglas (8th Earl of Douglas) born - Leader of the 'Black Douglas' clan, succeeding his father in 1443
1425 Dundas Castle (City of Edinburgh) Built
1425 Linlithgow Palace (West Lothian) Built
1425 Murdoch Stewart (2nd Duke of Albany) died - Regent of Scotland
1425 Robert Henryson born - Poet
1426 James Douglas (9th Earl of Douglas) born - The last Earl of Douglas and leader of the powerful 'Black Douglases'
c.1430 Plane Castle (Stirling) Built
1430 Borthwick Castle (Midlothian) Built
1430 King James II born - Scottish monarch
1430 MacLeod's Tower (Western Isles) Built
1431 William Elphinstone (Bishop of Aberdeen) born - Bishop and statesman
1432 Devorguilla's Bridge (Dumfries and Galloway) Opened
1435 Glamis Castle (Angus) Built
1437 King James I died - Scottish monarch
c.1440 Blind Harry (Harry or Henry the Minstrel) born - Poet
c.1440 Henry Wardlaw died - Bishop of St Andrews
1440 Blackness Castle (Falkirk) Built
1440 Ranfurly Castle (Renfrewshire) Built
1440 Sir John Forrester died - Lord High Chamberlain of Scotland
1446 Rosslyn Chapel (Midlothian) Built
1446 Tullibardine Chapel (Perth and Kinross) Built
c.1449 Archibald Douglas (5th Earl of Angus, Bell-the-Cat) born - Leader of the 'Red Douglas' clan
1449 Crichton Collegiate Church (Midlothian) Built
c.1450 Aldie Castle (Perth and Kinross) Built
c.1450 Cessford Castle (Scottish Borders) Built
c.1450 North Inch Golf Course (Perth and Kinross) Opened
c.1450 Orchardton Tower (Dumfries and Galloway) Built
1450 College of St Salvator (Fife) Established
1450 Comlongon Castle (Dumfries and Galloway) Built
1450 Dalhousie Castle (Midlothian) Built
1451 University of Glasgow (Glasgow City) Established
1452 HM Prison Castle Huntly (Perth and Kinross) Built
1452 King James III born - Scottish monarch
1452 William Douglas (8th Earl of Douglas) died - Leader of the 'Black Douglas' clan, succeeding his father in 1443
1453 Fowlis Collegiate Church (Angus) Built
c.1454 Alexander Stuart (1st (or 3rd) Duke of Albany) born - Noble
1454 Cawdor Castle (Highland) Built
c.1455 Gavin Dunbar (Bishop of Aberdeen) born - Clergyman and church administrator
c.1455 Sir Andrew Wood born - Naval commander
1455 Findlater Castle (Aberdeenshire) Built
1456 Bruntsfield Links (City of Edinburgh) Created
1456 Sir Alexander Home died - Noble
c.1457 Castle Levan (Inverclyde) Built
1457 Pitcaple Castle (Aberdeenshire) Built
1457 Rossdhu Castle (Argyll and Bute) Built
c.1458 John Stuart (Earl of Mar) born - Noble
1458 Strathaven Castle (South Lanarkshire) Built
c.1460 Megginch Castle (Perth and Kinross) Built
c.1460 William Dunbar born - Poet
1460 Affleck Castle (Angus) Built
1460 Kilravock Castle (Highland) Built
1460 King James II died - Scottish monarch
1460 Ravenscraig Castle (Fife) Built
1463 Mary of Gueldres died - Queen
c.1465 Hector Boece (Hector Boethius) born - Historian and Author
1467 St Mahew's Chapel (Argyll and Bute) Built
1468 Gardyne Castle (Angus) Built
1468 Guthrie Castle (Angus) Built
1468 Law Castle (North Ayrshire) Built
1469 Chapel of St Mary of Rossdhu (Argyll and Bute) Built
1469 Sir Andrew Gray (1st Lord Gray) died - Diplomat and noble
c.1470 Auld Brig (South Ayrshire) Opened
c.1470 Kinneil House (Falkirk) Built
1471 Provand's Lordship (Glasgow City) Built
c.1473 Walter Chepman born - Printer
1473 King James IV born - Scottish monarch
c.1475 Tweed Bridge (Scottish Borders) Opened
1475 Colin Campbell (1st Earl of Argyll) died - Loyal noble
1475 The Fair Maid's House (Perth and Kinross) Built
1477 Moubray House (City of Edinburgh) Built
1477 St Triduana's Well (City of Edinburgh) Built
1479 John Stuart (Earl of Mar) died - Noble
1481 John Stuart (2nd (or 4th) Duke of Albany) born - Regent of Scotland
c.1484 Robert Carver (Robert Arnat) born - Composer of sacred choral music
1484 Garrion Tower (North Lanarkshire) Built
c.1485 Castle Cary (Falkirk) Built
1485 Alexander Stuart (1st (or 3rd) Duke of Albany) died - Noble
1486 Sir David Lindsay born - Renaissance poet and diplomat
1488 Battle of Sauchieburn
1488 James Douglas (9th Earl of Douglas) died - The last Earl of Douglas and leader of the powerful 'Black Douglases'
1488 King James III died - Scottish monarch
1489 Archibald Douglas (6th Earl of Angus) born - A 'Red Douglas', grandson of Archibald Douglas, the 5th Earl of Angus (1449 - 1513)
1489 Castle Campbell (Clackmannanshire) Built
1489 Margaret Tudor (Queen Margaret) born - Queen of James IV and Regent of Scotland
c.1490 Ardvreck Castle (Highland) Built
c.1490 Drummond Castle (Perth and Kinross) Built
c.1490 Glensanda Castle (Highland) Built
1490 Kilkerran Castle (Argyll and Bute) Built
1491 Sir Alexander Home (1st Lord Home) died - Noble
1492 Blind Harry (Harry or Henry the Minstrel) died - Poet
1492 John Winram born - Protestant reformer
c.1494 Archbishop John Douglas born - Clergyman and Protestant reformer
1494 Cardinal David Beaton born - Bishop and politician
1494 Dunbar Castle (East Lothian) Built
c.1495 Gavin Dunbar (Archbishop of Glasgow) born - Bishop and politician
c.1495 Henry Stewart (Lord Methven) born - Noble
c.1495 James Wedderburn born - Minor poet, dramatist and religious reformer
1495 King's College (Aberdeen City) Built
1495 King's College Chapel (Aberdeen City) Established
1495 University of Aberdeen (Aberdeen City) Established
1496 Sir Richard Maitland born - Lawyer and blind poet
1497 Alloa Tower (Clackmannanshire) Built
1498 Broughty Castle (Dundee City) Built
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