An old fishing village on the Firth of Forth, Cellardyke forms the eastern part of the settlement of Anstruther. Formerly known as Lower Kilrenny or Sillerdyke, its present name was coined, it is said, by the fishermen of Kilrenny who once kept their fishing gear in cellars near the harbour. They also built dykes on the cliff top to keep stray animals away from their fishing nets which were laid out to dry on the green.
Although the fishing industry is long gone, the 16th Century harbour (Skinfasthaven), which was rebuilt in 1829-31 by Joseph Mitchell, is still used by pleasure boats. Close to the Town hall stands the Kilrenny Cross (1642) and beyond the harbour lies a bathing pool known locally as the Cardinal's steps after Cardinal Beaton of St Andrews who had a seaside residence here in the 16th century.
Cellardyke was designated a Conservation Area in 1977. The arrival of the 'Sea Queen' each August is a survival of the old sea-harvest thanksgiving festivals that used to take place in coastal fishing villages.
Cellardyke Primary School closed in 2003, to be replaced by a new school in Anstruther.