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Mid Calder

West Lothian

Bridge over the Linhouse Water, Mid Calder
©2018 Gazetteer for Scotland

Bridge over the Linhouse Water, Mid Calder

Located next to Livingston, 12 miles (19 km) west of Edinburgh, moving from the old county of Midlothian to West Lothian with local government reorganisation (1974). Larger than West and East Calder, Mid Calder grew in the 18th Century with the Glasgow-Edinburgh road as a coaching stop and then through the production of shale oil at nearby Pumpherston. By the early 19th C., with its nine public houses, the village had a reputation for drunken revelry. Today Mid Calder is a quiet conservation village, dominated by the new town of Livingston on its north and west sides. Its notable buildings include the Kirk of Calder (St. John's Parish Church) and Calder House (both 16th-century), the seat of the Sandilands, later the Lords Torphichen, from 1350. In 1556, John Knox celebrated communion according to Presbyterian rites for the first time at Calder House. The Almondell and Calderwood Country Park runs along the Linhouse Water to the southeast of Mid Calder.

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