Pease Dean

A small but significant valley of the NE Scottish Borders, Pease Dean comprises a deep wooded ravine 1¼ miles (2 km) southeast of Cockburnspath. It carries the Pease Burn down to the sea at Pease Bay. In ancient times it formed an effective barrier to the invasion of Scotland from England and Oliver Cromwell is said to have realised that a small force positioned here could prevent a large army crossing. Both the mainline railway and the A1 Trunk Road are diverted south to avoid this ravine, although it is crossed by the tall Pease Bridge of 1786 which now carries the A1107 road to Eyemouth. The Southern Upland Way passes through Pease Dean and Pease Dean Nature Reserve occupies the northern section of the valley.

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