Constantine's Cave

A shallow cave on the east coast of Fife, Constantine's Cave is located within the Crail Golfing Society's course at Balcomie Links on Fife Ness, 2 miles (3 km) northeast of Crail. Local legend suggests that King Constantine I was killed by the Vikings here in AD 877, although this is untrue. There are crosses and animals carved on the walls, suggesting use in the early Christian times. An excavation in 1914 revealed ancient antler and bone fragments, evidence of iron smelting and pieces of Roman jars possibly salvaged from a wreck in the 1st century AD. In 1812, with the fear of French invasion, a group of Fifeshire Volunteers are said to have used the cave as an observation post.

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