An estate in Dalgety Parish in south central Fife situated between Inverkeithing and Dalgety Bay, Donibristle looks out over the Firth of Forth. For long owned by the Abbots of Inchcolm, the property fell at the Reformation to Sir James Stuart of Doune whose son, the 'Bonny' Earl of Moray, was killed on the seashore below the castle in 1592, an event commemorated in an old Scots ballad. The mansion of Donibristle now forms part of the modern residential development of Dalgety Bay, the Moray Estates having sold the property to developers in the 1960s for the purpose of creating a new town. The former Donibristle colliery and its associated village were associated with a mining disaster in August 1901 when eight miners died.

An airfield at Donibristle was opened in 1917 as a base for the Royal Naval Air Service. During World War II as HMS Merlin it was used as a Royal Naval Aircraft Repair Yard. After the war it was renamed HMS Cochrane, and with closure in 1959 it was in-part converted into Hillend and Donibristle industrial estates, with Dalgety Bay being built on other areas.

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