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Gin Head

A headland in East Lothian, which looks out across the entrance to the Firth of Forth towards the Bass Rock, Gin Head lies a quarter-mile (0.4 km) northwest of Tantallon Castle and 2½ miles (4 km) east of North Berwick. Steep cliffs descend to the sea. On the clifftop are a set of buildings which began as an coastal defence radar station in the late 1930s but, in 1943, became Admiralty Signals Establishment which developed radar systems for use by the Royal Navy and forensically examined captured German radar equipment to learn their secrets. The effectiveness of radio countermeasures equipment was assessed here prior to their use during the D-Day landings of 1944. The site was bought by the Edinburgh defence electronics company Ferranti in 1948, was in active use until c.1994 and then passed first to GEC-Marconi and then BAE Systems Ltd. The site is being redeveloped for domestic use.

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