Rispain Camp

A rectangular earthwork on the slopes of Camp Hill in The Machars of Dumfries and Galloway, Rispain Camp is located 1¼ miles (2 km) west southwest of Whithorn. Long believed to have been a Roman camp or Mediaeval earthwork, it has now been identified as a native homestead dating from the Late Iron Age. Extending to 88m (288 feet) by 71m (232 feet), the homestead was defended by a surrounding embankment and ditch, which is 5.8m (19 feet) in depth. The site was excavated in 1901, but a more detailed investigation took place in 1978-79 brought radiocarbon dates suggesting occupation between about 200 BC and 100 AD, together with a much greater understanding. The site passed into the care of the state in 1890 and is now managed by Historic Environment Scotland, which provides interpretation signage.

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