Barnkirk Hill

A little hillock in The Machars of Dumfries and Galloway, Barnkirk Hill rises to 58m (190 feet) ¾ mile (1.2 km) southeast of Challoch and a mile (1.5 km) west northwest of Newton Stewart. Prominently located on the summit is an Iron-Age hill-fort, defined by two concentric ramparts, enclosing a central area measuring 88m (288 feet) by 54m (177 feet). These ramparts have been much reduced in height by ploughing. The hill itself represents a drumlin, one of a number hereabouts, with its principal axis aligned NW-SE suggesting the direction of flow of an ice sheet which once covered this area. There is another summit called Barnkirk 5½ miles (9 km) to the west.

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