Parish of Holm

A historical perspective, drawn from the Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland: A Survey of Scottish Topography, Statistical, Biographical and Historical, edited by Francis H. Groome and originally published in parts by Thomas C. Jack, Grange Publishing Works, Edinburgh between 1882 and 1885.

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1791-99: Holme and Paplay
1834-45: Holme and Paplay (Appendix)
1834-45: Holme and Paplay

Holm, a parish in the SE of Orkney. Comprising the ancient ecclesiastical districts of Holm and Paplay, the former on the W, the latter on the E, it includes a south-eastern section of Pomona and the island of Lambholm ; and contains, on the S coast of its Pomona section, 7 miles SE by S of Kirkwall, the village of St Mary's Holm, with a post office under Kirkwall. Its Pomona section is bounded NE by St Andrews and Deerness, E by the German Ocean, S by Holm Sound, SW and W by Scapa Flow, and NW by Kirkwall. Its utmost length, from NW to SE, is 6 miles ; its utmost breadth is 3¾ miles ; and its area is 8451 acres. The Pomona section has mostly rocky shores ; projects the headlands of Roseness to the SE, and of Howquoy or Skeldequoy to the SW ; contains several small lakes ; has mostly thin, loamy, tolerably fertile soil ; and resembles, in its agriculture, the rest of Pomona. Holm Sound, separating Pomona from Burray, and varying in breadth from 1½ mile to 2½ miles, contains Lambholm Island towards its centre and Glimsholm Island nearer Burray ; affords secure anchorage over most of its extent, and much shelter contiguous to Lambholm ; and has, on its NW coast, a pier where vessels of 50 tons may nnload. The herring and cod fisheries are extensively carried on. Two proprietors hold each an annual value of more, and three of less, than £100. Holm is in the presbytery of Kirkwall and synod of Orkney ; the living is worth £190. The parish church stands on the S coast, and was built in 1818. There are also a Free church (1870) and a U.P. church ; and two public schools, East and West, with respective accommodation for 60 and 120 children, had (1881) an average attendance of 43 and 65, and grants of £35, 13s. 6d. and £72, 13s. 6d. Valuation (1860) £1195, (1881) £2766, 15s. Pop. (1801) 871, (1831) 747, (1861) 834, (1871) 935, (1881) 1090.

An accompanying 19th C. Ordnance Survey map is available, or use the map tab to the right of this page.

Note: This text has been made available using a process of scanning and optical character recognition. Despite manual checking, some typographical errors may remain. Please remember this description dates from the 1880s; names may have changed, administrative divisions will certainly be different and there are known to be occasional errors of fact in the original text, which we have not corrected because we wish to maintain its integrity. This information is provided subject to our standard disclaimer

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