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Castle Douglas

(Causewayhead, Carlingwark)
Dumfries and Galloway

Clock Tower, Castle Douglas
©2019 Gazetteer for Scotland

Clock Tower, Castle Douglas

A village in the Stewartry, Dumfries and Galloway, Castle Douglas lies on the edge of Carlingwark Loch, 18 miles (29 km) southwest of Dumfries. Previously known as Causewayend and later Carlingwark, the settlement was rebuilt and renamed in 1789 by Sir William Douglas of Gelston who obtained a charter for his burgh two years later in 1791. Castle Douglas began to prosper as a post town with a cotton mill, a foundry, a branch of the Paisley Union Banking Company and a fair. During the 20th Century it developed as a tourist and local service centre, its through railway having operated between 1859 and 1965. In addition to a livestock market and slaughterhouse, modern industries include knitwear and the manufacture of dairy equipment. Castle Douglas is the headquarters of the Galloway Cattle Society and has a 9-hole golf course.

Nearby stand the ruins of Threave Castle (14th century tower on an islet in the River Dee, 1½ miles (2.4 km) west) while the Threave Estate (National Trust for Scotland) covers some 24 ha (60 acres) of parkland, and the Threave Wildfowl Refuge (National Trust for Scotland) on the River Dee attracts several varieties of geese and ducks.

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