Classification and Statistics

Settlement Type: town
Population (2011): 32914    
(2001): 31146
(1991): 32136
(1981): 32100
(Combined with Kingholm Quay)
(1971): 29382
(1961): 27273
(1951): 26322
(1901): 13241
(Parliamentary Burgh)
(1891): 16675
(1881): 15759
(1871): 13710
(1861): 12313
(1851): 11107
(1841): 10069
(1831): 11606
(For parish)
(1801): 7288
(For parish)

Tourist Rating: Three Stars
Text of Entry Updated: 24-JAN-2021

Latitude: 55.0686°N Longitude: 3.6129°W
National Grid Reference: NX 971 761
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Between 1913 and 1930, Arrol-Johnston manufactured cars in a purpose-built plant at Heathhall. This architecturally-important building was later occupied by Hunter, making wellington boots, and then became the Gates Rubber Company, which still produces drive belts in an adjacent factory.

In 1935, Carnation opened an evaporated milk factory at Lincluden in the north of the town and this grew to become a substantial plant manufacturing its own cans and as well as milk-based and non-dairy products. The plant was taken over by Nestlé in 1985 and was soon in decline, completely closing in 2000.

A Ministry of Supply explosives factory was built at Cargenbridge in 1939, which was operated by ICI after the Second World War, producing plastics and paint. Although much reduced in size, the plant still manufactures plastic film.

References and Further Reading
Gifford, John (1996) The Buildings of Scotland: Dumfries and Galloway. Penguin, London
Hume, John R. (2000) Dumfries and Galloway: An Illustrated Architectural Guide. The Rutland Press, Edinburgh
Lockwood, David (1988) Dumfries Story. T.C. Farries & Co. Ltd., Dumfries in assocation with Nithsdale District Council
McDowall, William (1986) History of Dumfries. Fourth Revised Edition, T.C. Farries, Dumfries
Stell, Geoffrey (1996) Exploring Scotland's Heritage: Dumfries and Galloway. Second Edition, The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland and The Stationery Office, Edinburgh

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