East Lothian

©2022 Gazetteer for Scotland


A hamlet lying beside the A1 trunk road in East Lothian, Dolphingstone (once Dolphingston) lies 1 mile (1.5 km) to the southwest of Prestonpans and 1¼ miles (2 km) west of Tranent. It came to prominence in 2001 when significant mining-related collapse occurred at what became known as the Dolphingstone Subsidence Site, endangering the main railway line south and resulting in it being rerouted some 500m (0.3 mile) to the south. Mines were active nearby from at least the 18th century until the middle of the 20th century, including the Dolphingstone and Bankton Collieries. There was a glassworks here in the mid 18th century. Just to the south are the ruins of the 17th-century Dolphingstone Castle, which is said to have briefly hosted Oliver Cromwell, but of which little remains except a doo'cot.

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