Saline is a parish, which lies in Fife Council Area, some 6 miles (10 km) northwest of Dunfermline in Fife and 8 miles (13 km) southwest of Kinross in Perth and Kinross.
It is located in the old county of Fife, which disappeared following the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1974.
The parish has an area of 35.4 sq. km (13.7 sq. miles). Saline has 6 neighbouring parishes; namely Carnock, Clackmannan, Cleish, Culross, Dunfermline and Fossoway. The boundaries of this parish were modified among significant changes recommended by the Boundary Commissioners after the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889.