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(Livingston Station)
West Lothian

A suburb of the new town of Livingston in West Lothian, Deans comprises housing to the east, including a primary school and community high school, and a large industrial park to the west. There are two principal themes for the residential street names; golfing (such as St. Andrews, Muirfield, Kenmore, Jubilee, Elie and Broomyknowe) and Scottish islands (Staffa, Jura, Bute and Arran). Deans developed from a farm steading into a village known as Livingston Station in the early 1870s in association with the coming of the Edinburgh-Bathgate Railway and oil shale mining. Some original buildings remain in the vicinity of Main Street. Up to seven shale mines were worked here between 1884 and 1938 by the West Lothian Oil Company and later the Pumpherston Oil Company. The Deans Crude Oil Works operated from c.1884 until the late 1940s, while the adjacent Deans Bing was removed in the late 1970's, much of it being taken by rail to Renfrewshire for use as ballast in the construction of the M8 motorway.

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