Now a district on the western margin of East Kilbride in South Lanarkshire, Hairmyres (once Haremyres) developed from a farm in the middle of the 19th century through the construction of the Busby and East Kilbride branch of the Caledonian Railway in 1868, which included a station here. The Haremyres Curling Club was founded in 1872. In 1904, the Lanarkshire Inebriate Reformatory was built to confine and rehabilitate those convicted of alcohol-related offences. A Tuberculosis Sanatorium opened in 1904 and the settlement became known as Hairmyres Colony. Thereafter a succession of hospitals were developed here and the district became incorporated in the New Town of East Kilbride as it grew from the 1950s. The railway station still operates, while Hairmyres is also home of the UK Department for International Development which moved to Abercrombie House in 1976 as part of a scheme to relocate government departments away from London. Strathclyde Police opened a recruitment and training centre nearby at Jackton in 2002.

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