Copyright Notice

Unless explicitly stated otherwise, the content of these web pages is the copyright of the Editors of the Gazetteer for Scotland. Content is deemed to include text, pictures, sound, video and any other media incorporated herein.

Copyright is the internationally-recognised method whereby we protect our considerable work in compiling this content and our ownership of the resulting information. It requires you to seek permission (and potentially pay a fee) before making copies of it. Copyright applies equally to the Web as to any book or other publication. To safeguard our hard work, and protect the revenue stream which will allow this project to continue, we are unfortunately required to legally pursue those who infringe our copyright.

There is no restriction on incorporating a small number of links to this web site from your own site. However, it is unfair and unreasonable to pass our work off as yours, and potentially generate advertising or other revenue for yourself or your Internet Service Provider (ISP), either by including large numbers of links or by copying our material into your own web site. Re-editing our text does not free you from the moral liability whereby you are unreasonably exploiting our hard work.

Reproduction of part or all of the contents, in any form, is prohibited, other than in accordance with the following permissions.

You may download or print extracts from this web site only for your personal use. You may not include such downloads in your own web site or blog (or third-party web sites such as facebook, wikipedia etc.), but you may copy extracts on to individual third parties for their personal information only provided that you acknowledge the copyright owner explicitly within the copy, by including the copyright notice:

"(c) The Gazetteer for Scotland, 2020"

You must also include reference to the source:

"Used with permission from The Gazetteer for Scotland at"

No part of this web site may be distributed or copied for any commercial purpose, even where there is no direct commercial gain, without receiving the explicit written permission of the copyright holder.

You must not incorporate this material, or any part of it, in any other work or publication, whether as paper copies or electronic means or any other form without the permission of the copyright holder. This means that you must ask our permission before including material you find here in your web site. While we are happy for you to link to our site, including a significant number of links from your site to individual sections of ours (multiple 'deep linking') is regarded in law as being copyright violation. In addition, you must not use persistent frames or other mechanisms to retain control or display advertising from your site while displaying ours. If unsure, please ask.

We do not copy text from others, so if you see similar text on sites such as Wikipedia, you can be sure that it was taken from the Gazetteer for Scotland without permission. It is unfair and unreasonable to take advantage of our research work and reproduce it - this devalues our site and our efforts. Please let us know if you find copyright violations which involve our work.

It is of course reasonable to use a modest number of facts you find on our web site in writing your own text. However you must not simply copy our text. Equally it is unfair to simply re-write large amounts of our text and claim it as your own; we have spent time in libraries reading, digesting and synthesising information from all manner of sources to bring you the information we present here, therefore we expect you to adhere to a principal of 'fair use'. If you do use some of our information, you should ensure you cite the Gazetteer for Scotland properly ie.:

"Gittings, B.M. (2012) The Gazetteer for Scotland,"

The editors hereby assert all rights given by the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act (1988) in the United Kingdom and internationally by the Berne and Geneva Conventions.

If you wish to use our information in ways other than those allowed above, you must get our permission first. Please contact use the contact address below:

© The Gazetteer for Scotland, 1995-2020. All rights reserved.


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