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Rosslynlee Hospital

Rosslynlee is a former psychiatric hospital located a mile (1.8 km) southeast of Auchendinny and 1½ miles (2.5 km) south of Roslin, in rural Midlothian. It opened in 1874 as the Midlothian & Peebles County Asylum, the original two-storey building having been constructed in snecked rubble by W.L. Moffat. It was extended by Robert Rowand Anderson in red ashlar in 1898 to house up to 500 patients. Anderson's additions include a dining hall, with a recreation hall above, placed between two monumental ward blocks. From 1948, with the advent of the National Health Service, it was renamed the Rosslynlee Hospital and management passed to the South Eastern Hospital Board, run in conjunction the Royal Edinburgh Hospital for Mental and Nervous Disorders. Now C-listed, it closed in 2010 and is being converted to housing.

The asylum was designed as a closed community, surrounded by a 1.5-m (5-foot) high iron railings, with its own water supply and a walled garden, within extensive grounds, where the patients were put to work to produce their own food.

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