East Ayrshire

Located in East Ayrshire, Lugar lies on the Lugar Water, 2 miles (3 km) east of Cumnock. Both iron-stone and coal were extracted nearby and the village was developed in the 1840s by the Eglinton Iron Company, which was originally established in the village though moved to higher ground in the 1860s. Rows of houses were built by the company to accommodate the workers, although many of these were demolished in the late 1950s and replaced by local authority housing. The iron-works closed in 1928 and population has declined from a peak of 1350 in 1881 to around 200 today. The Church (1867) and the Lugar Institute (1892) are the main architectural features of the village, whilst Craigston Square shows examples of the housing available to the foremen of the works. The former iron works was converted to become offices and workshops for the National Coal Board, but these are now used by East Ayrshire Council.

William Murdock, the first to make practical use of gas for lighting, was born in nearby Bello Mill in 1754.

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