A coastal settlement of W Fife, situated on the Firth of Forth to the west of Rosyth. Its harbour was developed as a port by the mediaeval merchants of Dunfermline who exported lime, salt and coal and imported wood, wine, and glassware here. Brucehaven Harbour was built much later in c.1750 especially for the coal trade.

The oldest building in Limekilns is the 16th Century King's Cellar in Academy Square, originally built by the monks of Dunfermline in the 14th century for storing wine and other imported goods. The village, which is also associated with brewing and the manufacture of soap and rope, was designated a Conservation Area in 1984. The classical fronted Limekilns Parish Church was built in 1825 and to the west are lime kilns built into the cliff face c.1780.

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