A former weaving village in S Fife, Kennoway lies a mile (1.5 km) north of Windygates and two miles (3 km) northwest of Leven.

Situated on lands that once belonged to the Priory of St Andrews, its pre-Reformation church was dedicated to St Kenneth. The present church of the parish of Kennoway (1850) is home to the oldest Communion Cup (1671) in Scotland. To the south is the Pictish motte of Maiden Castle and to the west is the Kennoway Den with its sandstone cliffs.

Now largely a dormitory settlement, the village prospered on the old route from Pettycur ferry on the Firth of Forth to Tayport on the Firth of Tay and had malting and brewing industries. Its importance waned with the development of the New Inn route to the west, but during the 19th century the building of the turnpike road and the expansion of weaving and shoe-making industries led to renewed growth.

The village was designated a conservation area in 1977. Local industries, which include haulage facilities, are largely located in the Sandy Brae Industrial Estate at the south end of the village and stone is extracted from the nearby Langside Quarry. There are playing fields, a primary school, a community centre and a bowling green.

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