Crawford is a parish, which lies in South Lanarkshire Council Area, some 10 miles (15 km) northwest of Moffat in Dumfries and Galloway and 13 miles (20 km) southeast of Douglas in South Lanarkshire.
It is located in the old county of Lanarkshire, which disappeared following the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1974.
The parish has an area of 265.8 sq. km (102.6 sq. miles). Crawford has 11 neighbouring parishes; namely Closeburn, Crawfordjohn, Culter, Drumelzier, Durisdeer, Kirkpatrick-Juxta, Lamington & Wandel, Moffat, Morton, Sanquhar and Tweedsmuir.