A location in the Howe of Fife, Annsmuir is situated a mile (1.7 km) northeast of Ladybank. The original house here was the property of the Earl of Leven and Melville, whose main home was nearby at Melville House. An octagonal horse-mill with a red pantiled roof dates from 1741 and is now B-listed. Ladybank Golf Course lies to the southwest, while Annsmuir Wood forms part of the Edensmuir Forest. Annsmuir Caravan Park began as a Territorial Army training camp in 1939, with accommodation provided in tents. During the Second World War it became a prisoner-of-war camp (No. 77) and grew to include around seventy separate buildings - some accommodating prisoners others for the guards. The camp housed German and Italian prisoners between 1945-48. Thereafter it was described as an 'agricultural hostel.'

Two Second World War pill-boxes together with a section of anti-tank ditch represent part so the Fife Stop Line, built in 1940 from Dysart to Newburgh to impede a German invasion.

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