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Fraserburgh (The Broch)

Classification and Statistics

Settlement Type: small town
Population (2001): 12454    
(1991): 12843
(1981): 12511
(1971): 10606
(1961): 10460
(1951): 10444
(1901): 8998
(Police Burgh)
(1881): 6583
(1871): 4268
(1861): 3472
(1851): 3093
(1841): 3615
(1821): 2831

Tourist Rating: Two Stars
Text of Entry Updated: 30-AUG-2010
Location

Latitude: 57.6928°N Longitude: 2.0067°W
National Grid Reference: NJ 997 670
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Geography
Fraserburgh occupies an exposed position at a point where the Buchan coastline turns west along the Moray Firth following the rocky Phingask Shore to Rosehearty. To the east a sandy beach stretches out along the edge of Fraserburgh Bay into which flows the Water of Philorth.
History
The short-lived Fraserburgh University was erected following a grant from the Scottish Parliament in 1595 but closed a decade later following the arrest of its first principal who had incurred the displeasure of King James VI by taking part in the 1605 General Assembly. The college building erected by Alexander Fraser was, however, used for a short time in 1647 when King's College was forced to move from Aberdeen to Fraserburgh following an outbreak of the plague.
Industry
Since the early 1800s the town's population has increased six-fold in response to the growth in the 19th Century of the herring fishing trade and in the 20th century the development of white fishing, food processing and machine tool industries. Ship repair, fish canning and the manufacture of refrigeration vans are important modern industries.
References and Further Reading
McKean, Charles (1990) Banff and Buchan: An Illustrated Architectural Guide. Mainstream Publications (Scotland) Ltd. and the Royal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland, Edinburgh

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